When most people hear the phrase "school spirit", they think of cheering on a school's sports teams. When people on the reality series School Spirits hear the phrase, they think of ghosts and other types of paranormal activity. The series travels to schools across the country to reveal first-hand accounts of paranormal activity as experienced by students, teachers, parents and staff members on the campuses. Bone-chilling re-enactments of the narratives help to bring the hauntings to life for viewers. Prolific reality-TV producer Mark Burnett ("Survivor") serves as an executive producer on the hour-long series.
Runtime: 60 minutes
School Spirits - Animal spirits (Keynes) - Netflix
Animal spirits is the term John Maynard Keynes used in his 1936 book The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money to describe the instincts, proclivities and emotions that ostensibly influence and guide human behavior, and which can be measured in terms of, for example, consumer confidence. It has since been argued that trust is also included in or produced by “animal spirits”.
School Spirits - Contemporary Research - Netflix
The proper role of the government, like the proper role of the advice-book parent, is to set the stage. The stage should give full rein to the creativity of capitalism. But it should also countervail the excesses that occur because of our animal spirits.
Recent research shows that the term 'animal spirits' was used in the works of a psychologist that Keynes had studied in 1905 and also suggests that Keynes implicitly drew upon an evolutionary understanding of human instinct. Araña et al. (2016) show that some behavior (in their case: tourist choices) can be better understood as the consequence of an “animal spirit” rather than “fully cognitive” decision making process. They design a field experiment to test in practice some “non-market sustainability policies”, based on affecting the emotional reaction to tourist choices can be more efficient and less costly than conventional “market-based sustainability policies” like environmental taxes. In 2009, economists Akerlof and Shiller advised in addition that:
School Spirits - References - Netflix